For C++ Developers using C Functions:
If a C routine that takes a function pointer as an argument is called from within C++ code, the C routine should be returned from normally.
Examples of this kind of routine include callbacks such as H5P_SET_ELINK_CB and H5P_SET_TYPE_CONV_CB and functions such as H5T_CONVERT and H5E_WALK2.
Exiting the routine in its normal fashion allows the HDF5 C library to clean up its work properly. In other words, if the C++ application jumps out of the routine back to the C++ “catch” statement, the library is not given the opportunity to close any temporary data structures that were set up when the routine was called. The C++ application should save some state as the routine is started so that any problem that occurs might be diagnosed.